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Gyaan Kupor Well BHU Kashi Vishwanath Mandir Ashoka Pillar Durga Temple Jantar Mantar Tulsi Manas Temple
                           
Dashashwamedh Ghat Sarnath Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum Assi Ghat Bharat Mata Temple Ramnagar Fort Sankat Mochan Temple
             
Vindhyachal Chunar Fort Chandraprabha Wildlife Sanctuary  

Banaras Hindu University (BHU)

 
bhu The Banaras Hindu University or BHU is an internationally reputed University and is situated in Varanasi. The great nationalist leader, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, founded the Banaras Hindu University in the year 1916. Dr Annie Besant also played an important role in the formation of the BHU. The Banaras Hindu University played an important role in the Indian independence movement. Over a period of time, it has developed into one of the greatest centers of learning in India. The BHU has produced many great freedom fighters and Nation builders. It has immensely contributed to the progress of the nation through a large number of renowned scholars, artists and scientists.


Shri Kashi Vishwanath Mandir

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kashi vishvanathStanding on the western bank of India's holiest rever Ganges, Varanasi is the oldest surviving city of the world and the cultural capital of India. It is in the heart of this city that there stands in its fullest majesty the Kashi Vishwanath Temple in which is enshrined the Jyotirlinga of Shiva, Vishweshwara or Vishwanatha. Here gravitate the teeming millions of India to seek benediction and spiritual peace by the darshan of this Jyotirlinga which confers liberation from the bondages of maya and the inexorable entanglements of the world. A simple glimpse of the Jyotirlinga is a soul-cleansing experience that transforms life and puts it on the path of knowledge and bhakti.

The Temple has been visited by all great saints - Adi Shankaracharya, Ramkrishna Paramhansa, Swami Vivekanand, Goswami Tulsidas, Maharshi Dayanand Saraswati, Gurunanak and several other spiritual personalities. The Kashi Vishwanath Temple attracts visitors not only from India but abroad as well and thereby symbolises man's desire to live in peace snd harmony with one another.

Assi Ghat

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Gyaan-Vaapi The most favored ghat of tourists, Assi ghat is the end of the continous line of ghats. The beautiful ghat is a regular for the local festivals, games and other activities. The ghat is very charming. Someone who has ever visited Assi ghat will long to go there again and again. The place is favorite haunt of the Foreign tourists. There are some very good restaraunts and cafes on the Assi ghat. Its best to hire a boat from Assi Ghat and visit Dashaswamedh Ghat and walk back. Assi ghat is also a favorite site for the blooming painters and photographers. Evenings are very special, as there are musical parties and gatherings on the steps of the ghat.

Durga Temple

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Durga-temple Located 2 km from Varanasi, the 18th century Durga temple is one of the most important temples in Varanasi. Built by a Bengali maharani, this temple has Nagara Style. Stained red with ochre, this temple is built with a multi-tiered shikhara(spire). The shikhara of the temple is formed by many small spires which are built one on top of the other.

One of the most popular temples, dedicated to Goddess Durga, it sits on the large rectangular tank called Durga Kund in the Southern sector of the city. The Puranas locate Durga Ji at her present site, and she has kept this place for many centuries. She is said to protect Varanasi from the south, as one of the fierce goddess guardians of the sacred zone. According to some who serve this temple, the image of Durga was never established by human hands, but is a self-manifest image. It appeared here of its own accord.

Sankat Mochan Temple

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sankatmochanSankat Mochan Temple is one amongst the most visited shrines of Varanasi, the holy city of India. Located at Sankat Mochan Gali (Street) in the southern part of Varanasi, Sankat Mochan Hanuman Mandir is highly revered by the followers of Hinduism. The temple can be reached easily by the means of local transport in the city of Varanasi. Sankat Mochan is the other name of Lord Hanuman; consequently the temple is dedicated to him.

The term 'Sankat Mochan' suggests "deliverer from troubles". According to the Hindu beliefs, Lord Hanuman is provider of courage, intellect and knowledge. Lord Hanuman is also believed to the eradicator of all worries and tensions. Sankat Mochan Temple was established by Tulsidas, the legendary author of 'The Tulsi Ramayana' (the Hindi version of epic "The Ramcharitmanas"). It is regarded that regular 'puja' (worship) of Lord Hanuman at this temple, brings good luck to the devotee.

Tulsi Manas Temple

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manasTulsi Manas temple is one of the most famous temples of Varanasi. It is also an important tourist attraction of the holy city. The Tulsi Manas temple is located near the famous Durga temple. It was built in white marble in the year 1964. Tulsi Manas Temple has a very historical as well as cultural importance for not only Varanasi but also for the whole of India.

Years later a temple in honor of Lord Ram was constructed at the very spot where Tulsi Das had written of him and the temple was named Tulsi Manas Temple as a mark of respect and reverence for him.

Dashashwamedh Ghat

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vishwanathThe most visited ghat of Varanasi by religious pilgrims, Dashashwamedh ghat is the most beautiful ghat in city. The ghat is close to the famous 'Vishwanath Temple' and is therefore of high religious importance. The most enticing part is the evening 'Puja' performed by the group [^] of priests. Also called as 'Fire Puja', the ceremony is a dedication to River Ganges, Sun, Lord Shiva, Fire and the whole universe. The Ghats finds mention in the old religious texts, as it is said that lord Brahma created the ghats to welcome lord Shiva.

Gyaan Kupor Well

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ghat.jpgGyaan Kupor Well as a tourist attraction of Varanasi also known as the Wisdom Well, it is their belief that this well was a form of enlightment even in liquid state. Pilgrims visiting Varanasi give their Sankalpa (statement of Intent) at this place before the start of pancha-tirtha tarta. Tourist that are non-Hindus are only allowed to glance through a hole and cannot step inside the temple. But the hole is well-placed that you can have a good view of Siva-linga and other episode happening inside the temple.

Ashoka Pillar

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AsokanpillarAshoka is one of the most famous kings from ancient India. He lived over 2,000 years ago. It seems like a lot of important people in India’s religious history lived that long ago.

This pillar here at Sarnath is one Ashoka’s pillars. It is especially important because on top of the pillar there used to be a statue of four lions holding up a wheel. Today, the national flag of India has a picture of that wheel on it. The wheel stands for dharma . It’s really difficult to explain to someone what the word dharma means. It means something like truth or maybe religion. The statue of the four lions is now in a museum.

Bharat Mata Temple

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bharat-mata-templeThe holy city of Varanasi, situated in Uttar Pradesh, India is known as the city of temples. Apart from the various temples dedicated to deities, there is a unique temple in Varanasi called Bharat Mata Temple. The temple is located approximately 3 km west of Godaulia, on the outskirts of the old city, and is in the campus of Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapith.

The Bharat Mata Temple is the only temple that is dedicated to the nation. Bharat Mata is being depicted as a woman clad in saffron sari, holding a flag. This temple has a relief map of the Indian subcontinent and Tibetan plateau, carved out of marble in three dimensions. The map vividly portrays major mountains, rivers, plains, oceans and the holy pilgrimages of India.

RamNagar Fort

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abcartThe Ramnagar is inhabited place of Kashi Naresh (Former Maharaja of Dr. Vibhuti Narayan Singh) crosswise the Ganges at Ramnagar houses a museum with the exhibits of palanquins,sabres,costumes, swords, Dussehra festival of Ramnagar is an motivating event to spectator.The Ramnager fort away from Varanasi 14 km.The fort at Ramnagar houses a museum displaying the Royal collected works which includes vintage cars, Royal palkies, an armoury of swords and old guns, ivory work and antique clock. The Durga Temple and Chhinnamastika Temple are also positioned at Ramnagar.

This 17th century fort which is 16 km from railway station and positioned crosswise the Ganges, is the palace of the former Maharaja of Benares. Of individual notice here are the Durbar Hall (public audience room) and museum which houses an traditional collected works of palanquins,arms, elephant saddles,costumes.

Bharat Kala Bhavan Museum

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bharatkalaBharat Kala Bhavan lies within the sprawling grounds of Banaras Hindu University.Its outstanding collection of sculpture, paintings and textiles began with the private collection of the enlightened Raj Krishnadasa. The sculpture collection includes terracotta and clay objects, stone and bronze and cast metal objects.A large and impresssive collection of textiles contain precious examples of Banaras silks and brocades,embroidered shawls from kashmir and rare chamba, rumals.

Bharat Kala Bhavan also has a great collection of miniature paintings from the courts of Mughals and other Kingdoms and principalities. Some of the important sections in the Bharat Kala Bhavan are Mahamana Malaviya gallery, Nicholas Roerich gallery, Chhavi (Painting Gallery), sculpture gallery, Nidhi (Treasures) gallery, sculpture gallery, archaeological gallery, decorative art gallery and Banaras through ages gallery.

Jantar Mantar

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ramnagarpalace Jantar Mantar is an observatory, built by Jai Singh, the Maharaja of Jaipur in the year 1737. Jai Singh was a great admirer of science and technology and he was particularly passionate about astronomy. Before the commencement of construction (of observatories) he sent scholars abroad to study the foreign observatories. The emissaries returned with many manuals on astronomy. The Jantar Mantar at Varanasi was built in line with Delhi, Mathura, Ujjain and Jaipur observatories.

The Jantar Mantar was built to measure the local time, the Sun's declination, altitude, the declination of stars, planets and to determine eclipses The Jantar Mantar at Varanasi has several masonry instruments to record the motion, speed and properties starts and planets and study astronomy that are accurate and can still be used efficiently today. The Jantar Mantar incorporates multiple structures of unique form, each with a specialized function for astronomical measurement.

Chandraprabha Wildlife Sanctuary

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chndraprabhaChandra Prabha sanctuary is spread over an area of 78 km² and lies on Naugarh and Vijaigarh hillocks in the Vindhya forest range in Chandauli.

The sanctuary was established in May 1957. Asiatic lions were introduced at Chandraprabha in 1958. The exercise was successful in the beginning, with the number of lions rising from three to 11 by 1969. However, the following year the lions were found missing. The plan was again revived in 1993 although the Indian Government is yet to take a decision in this regard.

A variety of wild animals are found at Chandraprabha. These include blackbucks, chital, sambhar, nilgai, wild boar, porcupine and Indian gazelle. The reptilian species include gharial and python.

The park is a bird watchers' paradise, as one can see around 150 species of birds. The wild vegetation comprises mahua, saagun, amaltas, tendu, koraiya, ber etc. In terms of flora, it is a typical dry deciduous forest composed of gneiss and laminated stone.

Sarnath

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sarnathSarnath, a world famous Buddhist site is about 10 kms. from Varanasi. In Sarnath, the Lord Buddha preached his first sermon at a deer park. The sermon is known as Dhammachakkapavattana or setting in motion the Wheel of Law in Buddhism. Sarnath became one of the great centres of Buddhism. The Emperor Ashoka erected magnificent stupas and structures in Sarnath. The Chinese scholar Huien Tsang who also visited Sarnath in 640 AD, wrote about the splendour of the city. This place was rediscovered and excavated in 1836. Sarnath is one of the most holy sites that attracts the people from all over the world. The people visit this place to pay homage to the great teacher and to attain spiritual perfection.

Chunar Fort

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chunar-fort The northern extreme of the Kaimur hills affords a impressive view of the invincible sandstone battlements of Chunar, that overlook a bend in the ganges. Vikramaditya of Ujjain is said to be its earliest occupant, way back in 56 B.C. chunar sandstone has been used for the past many centuries, most famously in the making of the the Ashokan Pillar, which was highly polished for sheen and longevity According to the Puranas the oldest name of Chunar was Charanadri as Lord Vishnu had taken his first step in his Vaman incarnation in the dynasty of Great king Bali. However Chunar came into prominence after the visit of Babar followed by Shershah Suri, Humayun, Akbar, Aurangzeb and finally the Britishers.

It is said that Maharaja Vikramaditya, the king of Ujjain established the fort of Chunar. According to the Alha Khand, King Sahadeo made this fort as his capital and established the statue of Naina Yogini in a cave of Vindhya hill. To commemorate his victory on 52 rulers, King Sahadeo built a stone umbrella inside the fort.

Vindhyachal

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vindhyachal There are many Shaktipeeths in India. These are the places where the Goddess of power is said to be residing and people worship her viz- Goddess Durga. Vindhyachal is one of such peeths or abode of Shakti. The place is 90 kms from Varanasi. The temples of Vindhyavasini Devi, Asthbhuja and Kalikhoh are a must visit here.

In Vindhyachal, Varanasi, one of the major tourist attractions is Sitakund. According to the mythology, Sita became thirsty at this place while Ram, Lakshman, Sita were under banishment period. In order to quench Sita’s thirst, Lakshman threw an arrow. It gave birth to a fountain. Thus in this location a temple was constructed in their memory. Thus the name has derived as one can quench his or her thirst at this place.

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